Arthritis occurs when joints or muscles become painful, stiff and swollen. Common types include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, ankylosing spondylitis and fibromyalgia. Exercise, medication and supportive therapies can help manage symptoms.
Osteoporosis occurs when bones lose their strength and density. They become fragile, weak and brittle causing them to fracture (break) more easily. Osteoporosis particularly affects women in their middle and later years, although some men are also affected. Activity and a healthy diet rich in calcium and vitamin D can help prevent osteoporosis.